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Stone Trees of Mexico

The Maya Kings timed their rituals in tune with the stars and the Milky Way. They celebrated k'atun endings about every twenty years. At the end of the 20-year k'atun period, Maya rulers regularly erected a stela, called a stone tree, to commemorate the event.

On stone stela the Maya showed themselves in costumes with symbols that were associated with the World Tree. Their headdresses contained the Principal Bird Deity, in their arms they held a "ceremonial bar" that represented the double-headed serpent of the ecliptic.

They wanted to connect to  the gods, the sky and life.

shown at right: stalae (stone tree) at Copan

When the k'atun ending coincided with certain planetary positions, the Maya went to war.  They were very careful observers of the sun, moon and planets